Statistics Canada has released their new set of data on crime across Canada in 2018, and what the data says may come as a shock to some.
The “Crime Severity Index” is a number that takes into account crime rate, with more weight given to crimes of a more serious nature, such as violent crimes.
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B.C. Crime Statistics
In 2018, the crime severity index, from lowest to highest, for some of British Columbia’s most populated municipalities, were:
- North Vancouver (District): 43.81
- Delta: 52.68
- Coquitlam: 53.49
- West Vancouver: 62.76
- Burnaby: 70.98
- New Westminster: 74.71
- Richmond: 80.26
- Surrey: 89.50
- Abbotsford: 89.88
- Maple Ridge: 93.44
- Vancouver: 108.45
- Victoria: 117.06
- Kelowna: 118.77
- Chilliwack: 122.99
- Langley (City): 154.19
The crime severity index for B.C. as a whole in 2018 was 87.67, and 75 for all of Canada.
This means that the latter half of this list has an above-average crime severity index, but let’s look into it a little further.
Violent vs. Non-Violent Crime
Of the 8 municipalities with an above-average crime severity index, only 3 — Langley, Surrey, and Vancouver —have declined since 2017.
Of the remaining 5 municipalities where the crime severity index rose, 4 municipalities rose by less than 10.5 since 2017. The lone exception: Maple Ridge, which saw their crime severity index rise from 76.02 to 93.44.
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Furthermore, because the crime severity index statistic can be broken down into violent and non-violent crime severity, we can get a better sense of the story behind these increases.
Of those same 5 municipalities that saw a crime severity index increase (Abbotsford, Victoria, Chilliwack, Maple Ridge, and Kelowna), only Chilliwack saw a rise in violent-crime severity that was greater than the rise in non-violent crime severity.
What does this mean? This means that outside of Chilliwack, despite increases in the overall crime severity index, violent-crime is on the decline.
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